Feeling less anxious after going through the facts regarding birth control? Surely you must be planning birth control not only for your better health but also your child’s better upbringing. Through this article, we intend to guide you briefly regarding various options of birth control methods. Consultation with your health care provider is obviously a necessary step. As mentioned in one of our articles, you have various options of contraception/ birth control. It all depends upon which one best suits your health, your lifestyle and your preference.

Also read: All you need to know about contraception (birth control)

Birth Control Pills/ Contraceptive Pills:

Birth control pills are a common type of contraception.

Available Brands:

 In Pakistan, it is the legal right of a woman to buy and have birth control pills. Some birth control pill brands in Pakistan are:

  • Ovral,
  • Famila-28,
  • Lo-Femenal,
  • Microgynon-30,
  • Novodol,
  • Yasmin,
  • Desogen,
  • Alesse and
  • Nordette

You can get birth control pills at pharmacies, health care centers or online. One of the main family planning providers in Pakistan is Greenstar. If you want to get birth control pills from Greenstar, they offer one brand called Novodol.

Pros :

Contraceptive pills are a simple, safe and convenient option.

Cons:

However, some undesirable effects include bleeding between the periods, breast tenderness and nausea. Some serious but rare side effects which are more common in females above 35 years and having other medical problems include:

  • breast lumps
  • leg soreness
  • seeing bright flashes followed by headache, high blood pressure, heart attack etc.

However, it is to be noted that these serious problems only arise in very few females who have other medical problems.

 

Condoms:

How It Works:

 These are available for both males and females. The male condom is made up of latex. It is placed over penis and prevents the sperms (male fluid) from entering into the vagina. The female condom is made up of polyurethane and lines the vagina, thus preventing the sperms from entering the vagina.

Pros :

 Advantages include no need of technical procedure by doctor.

Cons:

Disadvantages include breakage or tearing if incorrectly used.

Also read: All You Need To Know About Oral Contraceptives.

 

Long Acting Reversible Contraception:

If you plan to become pregnant someday but not in near future, long-acting reversible contraception may be a good option for you. With long-acting reversible contraception, you can get effective birth control with little day to day annoyance of pills.Options for long-acting reversible birth control methods include:

An Intrauterine Device:

Where to Find?

In Pakistan, you can get this at Greenstar. They have Protect 5 and Safeload.

What Does It Do?

Intrauterine device (IUD) is inserted into the uterus for long-term birth control (contraception). It prevents sperm (male fluid) from reaching the egg.

The Procedure:

The device is inserted in your vagina in doctor’s clinic. During the procedure, you may experience dizziness, fainting, nausea and low blood pressure. Removal is also done in clinic.

Pros :

The advantages of intrauterine device include no interruption with sexual intercourse, it can remain in place for 3 to 5 years and can be removed any time with no after effects.

Cons:

However, few side effects include headache, breast tenderness, acne, mood changes etc.

 

A Contraceptive Implant:

 

It is a thin, flexible plastic implantation and measures about size of a cardboard matchstick. It is inserted under the skin of the upper arm. It protects against pregnancy for up to three years.

 

Brand Names:

In Pakistan, it is available under the brand names

  • Implanon
  • Nexplanon

Pros:

Advantages of contraceptive implant include reversibility i.e. ability to become pregnant returns quickly when you stop using the implant,can be used while breastfeeding, can be used by women who cannot take contraceptive pills containing estrogen, continuous long-lasting birth control, no worries of taking regular pills or inserting anything in vagina before sexual intercourse.

Cons:

The disadvantages are almost similar to those of intrauterine device. You can also have discoloration or scar formation on the skin present over the implant. Insertion of implant is done by a doctor.

 

A Contraceptive Injection.

 

Where to Find?

 In Pakistan, you can get them at Greenstar. They have:

  • Femiject (lasts for 1 month)
  • Novaject (lasts for 2 months)
  • Depo-Provera (lasts for 3 months).

 

Sterilization:

This is a permanent birth control methods and includes surgery in which the tubes in the reproductive system are blocked.

 

Emergency Contraception:

This is the mode of birth control in case of unprotected sexual intercourse. This should not be used as a regular method of birth control. Emergency contraceptive pills are available and must be used for 5 days after unprotected sexual intercourse. If emergency oral contraceptives are unavailable, the regular pills can be used but they maybe less effective than the emergency pills.

 

Where to Find?

 In Pakistan, emergency contraceptives don’t require a doctor’s prescription. You can buy them from clinics and pharmacies.

Brands and Dose:

Emergency contraceptive brands available in Pakistan include:

  • Emkit Plus (take 1 pill within 120 hours after unprotected sex)
  • Postinor-2 (for all of these brands, take 2 pills within 120 hours after unprotected sex)

If you are using regular contraceptives in emergency, you can look for:

  • Ovral (take 2 pills within 120 hours after unprotected sex and take 2 more pills 12 hours later),
  • Famila-28,
  • Lo-Femenal,
  • Microgynon-30
  • Nordette (for all of these, take 4 pills within 120 hours after unprotected sex and take 4 more pills 12 hours later).

 

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